Chrysanthemums are centered in East-Asia. One popular Central European species is the marguerite (Leucanthemum vulgare). Garden “mums” have been cultivated in China for more than 3000 years.
The flower heads consist of many ray and disc florets. The ray florets are white to orangish or red-pinkish. Wild species usually have yellow disc florets. There are filled and nonfilled varieties with often bizarrely contorted ray florets. Mums are traditional autumn flowers. The Palmengarten devotes its annual “Autumn Flowers” exhibit to this group of impressive herbaceous ornamentals.