Alpine Houses Haus Leonhardsbrunn

Non-hardy cushion and mountain plants can be viewed from the outside of the two greenhouses flanking “Haus Leonhardsbrunn”.

The greenhouses in between are devoted to non-hardy mountain plants mainly from the Southern Hemisphere.

The flower beds in front of the building usually display varieties of dahlias, which bloom in late summer. The surrounding lawns may be used for recreation. Adjoining them is a huge playground, a water playground, a kiosk, a miniature golf course, and the northern train station of the “Palmen-Express”. “Haus Leonhardsbrunn” also hosts the "Kinder im Garten", project, which received an honorable mention by the German UNESCO commission in 2011 as a project of excellence within the UN decade of "Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung"

Steppe and Prairie

In a near-natural setting to the west of the Tropicarium, across from the “Goethe-Garten”, the open area presents mainly herbaceous perennials and annual plants from the grassland steppes of Asia and Europe and prairies of North America. The low nutrient supply and rapid soil drainage are ideal conditions for these plants.

The adjoining meadow, which is mowed twice a year, is home to a diverse array of rare grasses and meadow flowers which are seldom observed in nature anymore.

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Subantarctic House

The unique Subantarctic House, conceptualized with the help of the late Scottish-German botanist and collector Ursula McHardy, features temperate-zone plants from the southernmost regions of the Southern Hemisphere.

The left-hand side of the house is devoted to plants from Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, and the Falkland Islands, while the right-hand side exhibits plants from southern New Zealand.

Tropicarium

In order to convey an impression of the diversity of the tropical areas and their vegetation, the plants here are divided into groups according to their natural habitats.

The southern group of greenhouses is devoted to plants from the arid tropics, namely semidesert regions, fog desert, deciduous dry forests, and thorn forests. The northern complex for the humid tropics features plants from monsoon forests, cloud forests, mangrove swamps, and lowland rainforests. In the center is a house for bromeliads. Not accessible to the public, but partially visible from the outside, are the greenhouses which contain the Palmengarten’s botanical collection. The flower beds around the Tropicarium, and also those along the main pathway and in front of the “Gesellschaftshaus”, present a new colorful vista every year. The Tropicarium is composed of seven large greenhouse units (600 m² each, 7.5–15 m high) and six smaller ones (220 m² each). Temperature and humidity are computer controlled; heating of the glass panels prevents condensation on the surface; filtered rain water serves for irrigation and purified water can be sprayed from micronozzles to increase air humidity according to need. Technical installations are located beneath the greenhouses.

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Succulent Garden

A special seasonal outdoor display of unique plants is located behind the Tropicarium to the East:

an array of impressive non-hardy succulents – cacti, agaves, aloes, and euphorbs – from America, Africa, and the Canary Islands (displayed May through September only). A number of impressive “semi-hardy” palms remain outside during the winter – with according protection, though. A selection of exciting fuchsias, reared in the Palmengarten’s nurseries, is presented in immediate vicinity.

Entrance Hall Conservatory

The main entrance is integrated in the reconstructed center part of a historic greenhouse originally built in 1905. The facilities here include a shop, classrooms, a lecture hall (Siesmayersaal), as well as the offices of the "Grüne Schule" and "Freunde des Palmengartens".

The upstairs greenhouse presents various kinds of carnivorous plants and bromeliads (especially tillandsias) along with unique container plants.

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Rose Garden

From the entrance hall you proceed outside to an appealing, geometrically landscaped Rose Garden with the marvelous pavilion “Haus Rosenbrunn” as the centerpiece.

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The borders teem with scented roses and rare traditional varieties along with other unique plants. In spring and summer the “Haus Rosenbrunn” can be rented for weddings by special arrangement.

Palm House

The Palm House, built in 1869, is one of the largest constructions of its kind in Europe. Aside from an impressive collection of subtropical palms, it also hosts giant shrubs, tree ferns, and numerous tropical foliage plants, creating the impression of a lush tropical landscape. A grotto under a mound displays a colorful underwater world.

Throughout the year, the galleries adjoining the Palm House feature alternating exhibitions, including traditional shows of spring flowers, camellias, azaleas, roses, orchids, and autumn flowers in varying arrangements. Particularly popular are exhibitions on different botanical themes, for which detailed printed documentation is made available. The galleries also serve as an ideal venue for artists to exhibit their work.

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Rhododendron Garden

Along the western side of the park is an extensive Rhododendron Garden, established in 1989. These are mainly hybrids originating from species from Eastern Asia and North America.

Their extravagant flowers display at the end of May through early June.

Rock Garden

A rocky hill rises from the northern shore of the lake with an artificial waterfall emerging from its interior. A path runs through the hill. From the top you overlook the gardens and the lake.

The Rock Garden’s acidic and alkaline boulders and soils present a combination of low-growing shrubs and perennials, dwarf bushes, and cushion plants from mountainous regions as well as a special section with alpine plants from the Southern Hemisphere.

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    Heather Garden

    To the east of the Rock Garden the heathland section presents a splendid colorful array of different kinds of heathers and allied plant species into late summer. The appealing varying hues of green from ericas and callunas are attractive eye-catchers throughout the year.

    Perennials

    In the northern section of the Palmengarten you will find a special garden with ornamental herbaceous perennials that last long into autumn and early winter.

    In the northern section of the Palmengarten you will find a special garden with ornamental herbaceous perennials that last long into autumn and early winter.

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    Blossom House

    If you pass by “Villa Leonhardi” and the small spring, you will arrive at a greenhouse that features blooming ornamental plants. The greenhouse with a surface area of about 200 m2 is divided into a warm and cold section, throughout the year displaying a myriad of the most colorful flowers cultivated in the Palmengarten’s own nurseries.

    You can then walk north between borders planted with rare bushes and decorative shrubs.

    Bamboo Grove

    Along the creek across from the Blossom House, the Bamboo Grove presents itself with a dense stand of tall bamboo canes that can attain heights of several meters.

    A narrow path takes you through this shady “jungle”, especially enjoyable on a hot summer day. Notice the exciting colors and patterns of the culms in different nuances of green, black, and yellow.

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    Mediterranean Plants

    Along the western side of the Tropicarium and adjoining the “Goethe-Garten” there are two beds with Mediterranean plants.

    The climatically privileged setting allows the cultivation of plants that otherwise would not be able to survive the winter here – note the impressive umbrella pine.

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